Fixed Deposits are deposits where a particular sum of money is invested for a fixed duration. The duration of Fixed Deposits is flexible. It can range from 7 days to 10 years. The rate of interest for the Fixed Deposit depends on the period for which the funds are locked in.
Just like a Recurring Deposit, a Fixed Deposit amount cannot be withdrawn until the maturity period. Premature withdrawal is allowed after the bank charges a penalty in the rate of interest. The minimum amount of investment for a Fixed Deposit is Rs. 5,000. The rate of interest on the Fixed Deposit ranges from 4% to 7.5%. You can also calculate your rate of interest using the FD calculator.
Some banks provide the option of a sweep-out facility where the amount above a particular balance in a Savings Account is automatically converted to a Fixed Deposit. This helps the Savings Account earn more interest.